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Energy absorption behaviours of CSM-based GFRC plates with hemispherical features

Deb, Anindya and Lakshmanan, P and Chirwa, Clive and Nowpada, Sravanthi (2012) Energy absorption behaviours of CSM-based GFRC plates with hemispherical features. In: International Journal of Crashworthiness, 17 (3). pp. 283-294.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13588265.2011.650533

Abstract

In the present study, the mechanical behaviour of CSM (chopped strand mat)-based GFRC (glass fibre-reinforced composite) plates with single and multiple hemispheres under compressive loads has been investigated both experimentally and numerically. The basic stress-strain behaviours arc identified with quasi-static tests on two-ply coupon laminates and short cylinders, and these are followed up with compressive tests in a UTM (universal testing machine) on single- and multiple-hemisphere plates. The ability of an explicit LS-DYNA solver in predicting the complex material behaviour of composite hemispheres, including failure, is demonstrated. The relevance and scalability of the present class of structural components as `force-multipliers' and `energy-multipliers' have been justified by virtue of findings that as the number of hemispheres in a panel increased from one to four, peak load and average absorbed energy rose by factors of approximately four and six, respectively. The performance of a composite hemisphere has been compared to similar-sized steel and aluminium hemispheres, and the former is found to be of distinctly higher specific energy than the steel specimen. A simulation-based study has also been carried out on a composite 2 x 2-hemisphere panel under impact loads and its behaviour approaching that of an ideal energy absorber has been predicted. In summary, the present investigation has established the efficacy of composite plates with hemispherical force multipliers as potential energy-absorbing countermeasures and the suitability of CAE (computer-aided engineering) for their design.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Taylor and Francis
Keywords: fibre-reinforced composite;hemisphere;plate;energy-absorption;experiment;CAE
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2012 12:36
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2012 12:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44561

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