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Characteristics of Arabian Sea mini warm pool and Indian summer monsoon

Neema, CP and Hareeshkumar, PV and Babu, CA (2012) Characteristics of Arabian Sea mini warm pool and Indian summer monsoon. In: CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 38 (9-10). pp. 2073-2087.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1166-2

Abstract

Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool (ASMWP) is a part of the Indian Ocean Warm Pool and formed in the eastern Arabian Sea prior to the onset of the summer monsoon season. This warm pool attained its maximum intensity during the pre-monsoon season and dissipated with the commencement of summer monsoon. The main focus of the present work was on the triggering of the dissipation of this warm pool and its relation to the onset of summer monsoon over Kerala. This phenomenon was studied utilizing NCEP/NCAR (National Center for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric and Research) re-analysis data, TRMM Micro wave Imager (TMI) and observational data. To define the ASMWP, sea surface temperature exceeding 30.25A degrees C was taken as the criteria. The warm pool attained its maximum dimension and intensity nearly 2 weeks prior to the onset of summer monsoon over Kerala. Interestingly, the warm pool started its dissipation immediately after attaining its maximum core temperature. This information can be included in the present numerical models to enhance the prediction capability. It was also found that the extent and intensity of the ASMWP varied depending on the type of monsoon i.e., excess, normal, and deficient monsoon. Maximum core temperature and wide coverage of the warm pool observed during the excess monsoon years compared to normal and deficient monsoon years. The study also revealed a strong relationship between the salinity in the eastern Arabian Sea and the nature of the monsoon.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Spinger
Keywords: SURFACE TEMPERATURE;INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY;SOUTHWEST MONSOON;HEAT-BUDGET;RAINFALL;ONSET;OCEAN;EVOLUTION;MONEX-79
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2012 03:51
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2012 03:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44587

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