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Theoretical analysis of photoinduced H-atom elimination in thiophenol

Venkatesan, T S and Ramesh, SG and Lan, Z and Domcke, W (2012) Theoretical analysis of photoinduced H-atom elimination in thiophenol. In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 136 (17).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4709608

Abstract

The photoinduced hydrogen elimination reaction in thiophenol via the conical intersections of the dissociative (1)pi sigma* excited state with the bound (1)pi pi* excited state and the electronic ground state has been investigated with ab initio electronic-structure calculations and time-dependent quantum wave-packet calculations. A screening of the coupling constants of the symmetry-allowed coupling modes at the (1)pi pi*-(1)pi sigma* and (1)pi sigma*-S-0 conical intersection shows that the SH torsional mode is by far the most important coupling mode at both conical intersections. A model including three intersecting potential-energy surfaces (S-0, (1)pi pi*, (1)pi sigma*) and two nuclear degrees of freedom (SH stretch and SH torsion) has been constructed on the basis of ab initio complete-active-space self-consistent field and multireference second-order perturbation theory calculations. The nonadiabatic quantum wave-packet dynamics initiated by optical excitation of the (1)pi pi* and (1)pi sigma* states has been explored for this three-state two-coordinate model. The photodissociation dynamics is characterized in terms of snapshots of time-dependent wave packets, time-dependent electronic population probabilities, and the branching ratio of the (2)sigma/(2)pi electronic states of the thiophenoxyl radical. The dependence of the timescale of the photodissociation process and the branching ratio on the initial excitation of the SH stretching and SH torsional vibrations has been analyzed. It is shown that the node structure, which is imposed on the nuclear wave packets by the initial vibrational preparation as well as by the transitions through the conical intersections, has a profound effect on the photodissociation dynamics. The effect of additional weak coupling modes of CC twist (nu(16a)) and ring-distortion (nu(16b)) character has been investigated with three-dimensional and four-dimensional time-dependent wave-packet calculations, and has been found to be minor. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4709608]

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Physics
Keywords: ab initio calculations;excited states;ground states;hydrogen;organic compounds;photodissociation; photoexcitation;potential energy surfaces;SCF calculations; vibrational states
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2012 10:01
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2012 10:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44660

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