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Defect-Free Hyperbranched Polydithioacetal via Melt Polymerization

Chatterjee, Saptarshi and Ramakrishnan, S (2012) Defect-Free Hyperbranched Polydithioacetal via Melt Polymerization. In: ACS MACRO LETTERS, 1 (5). pp. 593-598.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/mz300149t

Abstract

Degree of branching (DB) describes the level of structural perfection of a hyperbranched polymer when compared to its defect-free analogue, namely the dendrimer. The strategy most commonly used to achieve high DB values, specifically while using AB(2) type self-condensations, is to design an AB2 monomer wherein the reaction of the first B-group leads to an enhancement of the reactivity of the second one. In the present study, we show that an AB2 monomer carrying a dimethylacetal unit and a thiol group undergoes a rapid self-condensation in the melt under acid-catalysis to yield a hyperbranched polydithioacetal with no linear defects. NMR studies using model systems reveal that the intermediate monothioacetal is relatively unstable under the polymerization conditions and transforms rapidly to the dithioacetal; because this second step occurs irreversibly during polymer formation, it leads to a defect-free hyperbranched polydithioacetal. TGA studies of the polymerization process provided some valuable insights into the kinetics of polymerization. An additional virtue of this approach is that the numerous terminal dimethylacetal groups are very labile and can be quantitatively transformed by treatment with a variety of functional thiols; the terminal dimethylacetals were, thus, reacted with various thiols, such as dodecanethiol, benzyl mercaptan, ethylmercaptopropionate, and so on, to demonstrate the versatility of these systems as sulfur-rich hyperscaffolds to anchor different kinds of functionality on their periphery.

Item Type: Journal Article
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2012 11:48
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2012 11:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44662

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