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Surfactant solubility and micellization in ternary eutectic melt (acetamide plus urea plus ammonium nitrate)

Haramagatti, Chandrashekara R and Raj, BV Ashok and Sampath, S (2012) Surfactant solubility and micellization in ternary eutectic melt (acetamide plus urea plus ammonium nitrate). In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, 403 . pp. 110-113.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.03.063 ...

Abstract

Cationic surfactants such as dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB), tetradecyltrimehtylammonium bromide (TTAB) and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HTAB); and anionic surfactants such as sodium decyl sulphate (SDeS), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STDS) have been used to determine their solubility and micellization in ternary eutectic melt (acetamide + urea + ammonium nitrate) at 50 degrees C. We employed the electrical conductivity and the surface tension measurement techniques to determine the critical micelle concentration (CMC). The deviation in the slope of the specific conductance/surface tension against surfactant concentration plots indicated the aggregations of surfactants and hence, their CMC. CMC decreases with increase of alkyl chain length due to the increased van der Waals forces. The calculated increment in Gibb's energy per methylene group for cationic and anionic surfactants is about -6 kJ mol(-1) and -4 kJ mol(-1) respectively. It is found that, the CMCs of the surfactants in the ternary melt are higher than the CMCs of same surfactants in water (similar to 25 degrees C). (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Ternary eutectic melt; Acetamide plus urea plus ammonium nitrate; Solubility; Ionic surfactants; Micelles
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2012 03:34
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2012 03:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44759

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