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A study on seismicity and seismic hazard for Karnataka State

Sitharam, TG and James, Naveen and Vipin, KS and Raj, Ganesha K (2012) A study on seismicity and seismic hazard for Karnataka State. In: JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE, 121 (2). pp. 475-490.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12040-012-0171-0

Abstract

This paper presents a detailed study on the seismic pattern of the state of Karnataka and also quantifies the seismic hazard for the entire state. In the present work, historical and instrumental seismicity data for Karnataka (within 300 km from Karnataka political boundary) were compiled and hazard analysis was done based on this data. Geographically, Karnataka forms a part of peninsular India which is tectonically identified as an intraplate region of Indian plate. Due to the convergent movement of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate, movements are occurring along major intraplate faults resulting in seismic activity of the region and hence the hazard assessment of this region is very important. Apart from referring to seismotectonic atlas for identifying faults and fractures, major lineaments in the study area were also mapped using satellite data. The earthquake events reported by various national and international agencies were collected until 2009. Declustering of earthquake events was done to remove foreshocks and aftershocks. Seismic hazard analysis was done for the state of Karnataka using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches incorporating logic tree methodology. The peak ground acceleration (PGA) at rock level was evaluated for the entire state considering a grid size of 0.05A degrees x 0.05A degrees. The attenuation relations proposed for stable continental shield region were used in evaluating the seismic hazard with appropriate weightage factors. Response spectra at rock level for important Tier II cities and Bangalore were evaluated. The contour maps showing the spatial variation of PGA values at bedrock are presented in this work.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the Indian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: Karnataka; earthquakes;PGA;PSHA;DSHA;hazard;lineaments; faults logic tree
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2012 12:37
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2012 12:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44773

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