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Transition due to base roughness in a dense granular flow down an inclined plane

Kumaran, V and Maheshwari, S (2012) Transition due to base roughness in a dense granular flow down an inclined plane. In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 24 (5).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4710543

Abstract

Particle simulations based on the discrete element method are used to examine the effect of base roughness on the granular flow down an inclined plane. The base is composed of a random configuration of fixed particles, and the base roughness is decreased by decreasing the ratio of diameters of the base and moving particles. A discontinuous transition from a disordered to an ordered flow state is observed when the ratio of diameters of base and moving particles is decreased below a critical value. The ordered flowing state consists of hexagonally close packed layers of particles sliding over each other. The ordered state is denser (higher volume fraction) and has a lower coordination number than the disordered state, and there are discontinuous changes in both the volume fraction and the coordination number at transition. The Bagnold law, which states that the stress is proportional to the square of the strain rate, is valid in both states. However, the Bagnold coefficients in the ordered flowing state are lower, by more than two orders of magnitude, in comparison to those of the disordered state. The critical ratio of base and moving particle diameters is independent of the angle of inclination, and varies very little when the height of the flowing layer is doubled from about 35 to about 70 particle diameters. While flow in the disordered state ceases when the angle of inclination decreases below 20 degrees, there is flow in the ordered state at lower angles of inclination upto 14 degrees. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4710543]

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Physics
Keywords: INELASTIC SPHERES;BURNETT ORDER;CHUTE FLOWS;DYNAMICS; INSTABILITY;PARTICLES;STABILITY;GAS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2012 06:26
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2012 06:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44811

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