Premkumar, HB and Sunitha, DV and Nagabhushana, H and Sharma, SC and Nagabhushana, BM and Shivakumara, C and Rao, JL and Chakradhar, RPS (2012) Thermoluminescence, photoluminescence and EPR studies on Mn2+ activated yttrium aluminate (YAlO3) perovskite. In: JOURNAL OF LUMINESCENCE, 132 (9). pp. 2409-2415.
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Thermoluminescence (TL) measurements were carried out on undoped and Mn2+ doped (0.1 mol%) yttrium aluminate (YAlO3) nanopowders using gamma irradiation in the dose range 1-5 kGy. These phosphors have been prepared at furnace temperatures as low as 400 degrees C by using the combustion route. Powder X-ray diffraction confirms the orthorhombic phase. SEM micrographs show that the powders are spherical in shape, porous with fused state and the size of the particles appeared to be in the range 50-150 nm. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) studies reveal that Mn ions occupy the yttrium site and the valency of manganese remains as Mn2+. The photoluminescence spectrum shows a typical orange-to-red emission at 595 nm and suggests that Mn2+ ions are in strong crystalline environment. It is observed that TL intensity increases with gamma dose in both undoped and Mn doped samples. Four shouldered TL peaks at 126, 240, 288 and 350 degrees C along with relatively resolved glow peak at 180 degrees C were observed in undoped sample. However, the Mn doped samples show a shouldered peak at 115 degrees C along with two well defined peaks at similar to 215 and 275 degrees C. It is observed that TL glow peaks were shifted in Mn doped samples. The kinetic parameters namely activation energy (E), order of kinetics (b), frequency factor (s) of undoped, and Mn doped samples were determined at different gamma doses using the Chens glow peak shape method and the results are discussed in detail. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier|
|Keywords:||Phosphor; Chemical synthesis; X-ray diffraction; EPR; Luminescence|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit|
|Date Deposited:||01 Aug 2012 06:04|
|Last Modified:||01 Aug 2012 06:04|
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