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Dual functional performance of fiber Bragg gratings coated with metals using flash evaporation technique

Sekar, Rajam and Shivananju, BN and Lakshmi, KP and Asokan, S (2012) Dual functional performance of fiber Bragg gratings coated with metals using flash evaporation technique. In: OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY, 18 (4). pp. 183-185.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yofte.2012.04.001

Abstract

Metallic and other type of coatings on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors alter their sensitivity with thermal and mechanical stress while protecting the fragile optical fiber in harsh sensing surroundings. The behavior of the coated materials is unique in their response to thermal and mechanical stress depending on the thickness and the mode of coating. The thermal stress during the coating affects the temperature sensitivity of FBG sensors. We have explored the thermal response of FBGs coated with Al and Pb to an average thickness of 80 nm using flash evaporation technique where the FBG sensor is mounted in a region at room temperature in an evacuated chamber having a pressure of 10(6) Torr which will minimize any thermal stress during the coating process. The coating thickness is chosen in the nanometer region with the aim to study thermal behavior of nanocoatings and their effect on FBG sensitivity. The sensitivity of FBGs is evaluated from the wavelengths recorded using an optical sensing interrogator sm 130 (Micron Optics) from room temperature to 300 degrees C both during heating and cooling. It is observed that the sensitivity of the metal coated fibers is better than the reference FBG with no coating for the entire range of temperature. For a coating thickness of 80 nm, Al coated FBG is more sensitive than the one coated with Pb up to 170 degrees C and it reverses at higher temperatures. This point is identified as a reversible phase transition in Pb monolayers as the 2-dimensional aspects of the metal layers are dominant in the nanocoatings of Pb. On cooling, the phase transition reverses and the FBGs return to the original state and for repeated cycles of heating and cooling the same pattern is observed. Thus the FBG functions as a sensor of the phase transitions of the coatings also. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to Elsiver Pvt Ltd
Keywords: Fiber Bragg gratings;Flash evaporation technique;Sensitivity; Nanocoatings;Phase transition;Monolayers
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation and Applied Physics (Formally ISU)
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2012 03:59
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2012 03:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44967

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