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Natural Convection in a Vertical Channel with Arrays of Flush-Mounted Heaters on Opposite Conductive Walls

Gavara, Madhusudhana (2012) Natural Convection in a Vertical Channel with Arrays of Flush-Mounted Heaters on Opposite Conductive Walls. In: NUMERICAL HEAT TRANSFER PART A-APPLICATIONS, 62 (2). pp. 111-135.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1040778...

Abstract

Three-dimensional numerical study of natural convection in a vertical channel with flush-mounted discrete heaters on opposite conductive substrate walls is carried out in the present work. Detailed flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented for various Grashof numbers. The heat transfer effects on one wall by the presence of heaters on its opposite wall is examined. It is found that heat transfer rates on one wall are increased by the presence of heaters on its opposite wall. The thermal boundary layers on the opposite walls complement each other for enhanced heat transfer. The effects of spacing between the heated walls, spacings between heaters and substrate conductivity on flow and heat transfer are examined. Existence of optimum spacings between the heated walls for maximum heat transfer and mass flow are observed. It is found that the heat transfer and fluid flow do not follow the same optimum spacings. Mass flow rate reaches maximum value at a wall spacing greater than the spacing for maximum heat transfer. This is because the interaction of thermal boundary layers on individual walls ceases at a lower spacing before the velocity boundary layers separate each other. It is found that increased spacings between heaters reduce individual heater temperatures provided the heaters close to exit on both substrates avail sufficient substrate potions on the exit side. Insufficient substrate portions between the exit heaters and the exit cause abnormal local temperature rise in the exit heaters which are the hottest ones among all the heaters. Optimal heater spacings exist for minimum hottest heater temperature rise. Correlations are presented for dimensionless mass flow rate, temperature maximum, and average Nusselt number.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Taylor and Francis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2012 05:07
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2012 05:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44969

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