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Genetic analysis of an Indian family with members affected with Waardenburg syndrome and Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Kapoor, Saketh and Bindu, Parayil Sankaran and Taly, Arun B. and Sinha, Sanjib and Gayathri, Narayanappa and Rani, S. Vasantha and Chandak, Giriraj Ratan and Kumar, Arun (2012) Genetic analysis of an Indian family with members affected with Waardenburg syndrome and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In: MOLECULAR VISION, 18 (211-14). pp. 2022-2032.

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Official URL: http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v18/a213/

Abstract

Purpose: Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentation defects of the eye, skin, and hair. It is caused by mutations in one of the following genes: PAX3 (paired box 3), MITF (microphthalmia-associated transcription factor), EDNRB (endothelin receptor type B), EDN3 (endothelin 3), SNAI2 (snail homolog 2, Drosophila) and SOX10 (SRY-box containing gene 10). Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in the DMD gene. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic causes of WS and DMD in an Indian family with two patients: one affected with WS and DMD, and another one affected with only WS. Methods: Blood samples were collected from individuals for genomic DNA isolation. To determine the linkage of this family to the eight known WS loci, microsatellite markers were selected from the candidate regions and used to genotype the family. Exon-specific intronic primers for EDN3 were used to amplify and sequence DNA samples from affected individuals to detect mutations. A mutation in DMD was identified by multiplex PCR and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification method using exon-specific probes. Results: Pedigree analysis suggested segregation of WS as an autosomal recessive trait in the family. Haplotype analysis suggested linkage of the family to the WS4B (EDN3) locus. DNA sequencing identified a novel missense mutation p.T98M in EDN3. A deletion mutation was identified in DMD. Conclusions: This study reports a novel missense mutation in EDN3 and a deletion mutation in DMD in the same Indian family. The present study will be helpful in genetic diagnosis of this family and increases the mutation spectrum of EDN3.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the the authors
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2012 06:47
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2012 06:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44977

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