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Solution Combustion Synthesis of Nanosized Copper Chromite and Its Use as a Burn Rate Modifier in Solid Propellants

Sathiskumar, PS and Thomas, CR and Madras, Giridhar (2012) Solution Combustion Synthesis of Nanosized Copper Chromite and Its Use as a Burn Rate Modifier in Solid Propellants. In: INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 51 (30). pp. 10108-10116.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie301435r

Abstract

Nano sized copper chromite, which is used as a burn rate accelerator for solid propellants, was synthesized by the solution combustion process using citric acid and glycine as fuel. Pure spinel phase copper chromite (CuCr2O4) was synthesized, and the effect of different ratios of Cu-Cr ions in the initial reactant and various calcination temperatures on the final properties of the material were examined. The reaction time for the synthesis with glycine was lower compared to that with citric acid. The synthesized samples from both fuel cycles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), BET surface area analysis, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Commercial copper chromite that is currently used in solid propellant formulation was also characterized by the same techniques. XRD analysis shows that the pure spinel phase compound is formed by calcination at 700 degrees C for glycine fuel cycle and between 750 and 800 degrees C for citric acid cycle. XPS results indicate the variation of the oxidation state of copper in the final compound with a change in the Cu-Cr mole ratio. SEM images confirm the formation of nano size spherical shape particles. The variation of BET surface area with calcination temperature was studied for the solution combusted catalyst. Burn rate evaluation of synthesized catalyst was carried out and compared with the commercial catalyst. The comparison between BET surface area and the burn rate depicts that surface area difference caused the variation in burn rate between samples. The reason behind the reduction in surface area and the required modifications in the process are also described.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the American Chemical Society
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2012 07:56
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2012 07:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45015

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