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Photocytotoxic Oxidovanadium(IV) Complexes of Polypyridyl Ligands Showing DNA-Cleavage Activity in Near-IR Light

Banerjee, Samya and Hussain, Akhtar and Prasad, Puja and Khan, Imran and Banik, Bhabatosh and Kondaiah, Paturu and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2012) Photocytotoxic Oxidovanadium(IV) Complexes of Polypyridyl Ligands Showing DNA-Cleavage Activity in Near-IR Light. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (24). pp. 3899-3908.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201200344

Abstract

Oxidovanadium(IV) complexes VO(pyphen)(L)]Cl2 (1, 2) and VO(pydppz)(L)]Cl2 (3, 4), where L is 1,10-phenanthroline (phen in 1 and 3) and dipyrido3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz in 2 and 4) are prepared and characterized. The crystal structure of VO(pyphen)(phen)](ClO4)2 (1a) shows a six-coordinate VN5O geometry with a VO2+ moiety in which the polypyridyl ligand binds in a meridional fashion and the phen ligand displays a chelating binding mode with an N-donor site trans to the oxidovanadyl group. The complexes show a dd band within 720-750 nm in DMF. The one-electron paramagnetic complexes are 1:2 electrolytes in DMF. The complexes exhibit an irreversible VIV/VIII redox response near -0.85 V vs. SCE in DMF/0.1 M TBAP. The complexes bind to calf thymus (ct) DNA giving Kb values within 7.5 x 104 to 1.1 x 106 M1. The complexes show poor chemical nuclease activity in the dark and exhibit significant DNA-photocleaving activity in near-IR light of 705 and 785 nm forming .OH radicals. Complexes 2-4 show remarkable photocytotoxicity in HeLa cancer cells. FACS analysis of the HeLa cells treated with complex 4 shows cell death as highlighted by the sub G1 peak. Propidium iodide staining data indicate apoptosis as the primary mode of cell death.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Keywords: Vanadium;Polypyridyl ligands;Phenanthroline bases;Crystal structure;DNA damage;Photocytotoxicity;Photochemistry; Photodynamic therapy
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2012 11:30
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2012 11:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45147

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