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Effect of doping concentration on the structural and optical properties of pure and tin doped zinc oxide thin films by nebulizer spray pyrolysis (NSP) technique

Mariappan, R and Ponnuswamy, V and Suresh, P (2012) Effect of doping concentration on the structural and optical properties of pure and tin doped zinc oxide thin films by nebulizer spray pyrolysis (NSP) technique. In: Superlattices and Microstructures, 52 (3). pp. 500-513.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spmi.2012.05.016

Abstract

Pure and tin doped zinc oxide (Sn:ZnO) thin films were prepared for the first time by NSP technique using aqueous solutions of zinc acetate dehydrate, tin (IV) chloride fendahydrate and methanol. X-ray diffraction patterns confirm that the films are polycrystalline in nature exhibiting hexagonal wurtzite type, with (0 0 2) as preferred orientation. The structural parameters such as lattice constant ('a' and `c'), crystallite size, dislocation density, micro strain, stress and texture coefficient were calculated from X-ray diffraction studies. Surface morphology was found to be modified with increasing Sn doping concentration. The ZnO films have high transmittance 85% in the visible region, and the transmittance is found to be decreased with the increase of Sn doping concentration. The corresponding optical band gap decreases from 3.25 to 3.08 eV. Room temperature photoluminescence reveals the sharp emission of strong UV peak at 400 nm (3.10 eV) and a strong sharp green luminescence at 528 nm (2.34 eV) in the Sn doped ZnO films. The electrical resistivity is found to be 10(6) Omega-cm at higher temperature and 10(5) Omega-cm at lower temperature. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article is belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Nebulizer spray pyrolysis; Thin films; X-ray diffraction; Surface morphology; Optical properties; Electrical properties
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2012 09:52
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 09:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45204

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