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Computational algorithms inspired by biological processes and evolution

Reddy, Janga M and Kumar, Nagesh D (2012) Computational algorithms inspired by biological processes and evolution. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 103 (4). pp. 370-380.

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Official URL: http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/103/04/037...

Abstract

In recent times computational algorithms inspired by biological processes and evolution are gaining much popularity for solving science and engineering problems. These algorithms are broadly classified into evolutionary computation and swarm intelligence algorithms, which are derived based on the analogy of natural evolution and biological activities. These include genetic algorithms, genetic programming, differential evolution, particle swarm optimization, ant colony optimization, artificial neural networks, etc. The algorithms being random-search techniques, use some heuristics to guide the search towards optimal solution and speed-up the convergence to obtain the global optimal solutions. The bio-inspired methods have several attractive features and advantages compared to conventional optimization solvers. They also facilitate the advantage of simulation and optimization environment simultaneously to solve hard-to-define (in simple expressions), real-world problems. These biologically inspired methods have provided novel ways of problem-solving for practical problems in traffic routing, networking, games, industry, robotics, economics, mechanical, chemical, electrical, civil, water resources and others fields. This article discusses the key features and development of bio-inspired computational algorithms, and their scope for application in science and engineering fields.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article is belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Algorithms;biological processes;evolutionary computation; nonlinear optimization;swarm intelligence
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2012 09:58
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 09:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45206

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