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Optical, electrochemical and morphological investigations of poly (3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)-sultone (PProDOT-S) thin films

Sindhu, S and Siju, CR and Sharma, SK and Rao, KN and Gopal, ESR (2012) Optical, electrochemical and morphological investigations of poly (3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)-sultone (PProDOT-S) thin films. In: BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 35 (4). pp. 611-616.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s12034-012-0327-1

Abstract

In this paper, we have carried out thin film characterization of poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)-sultone (PProDOT-S), a derivative of electrochromic poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene) (PProDOT). PProDOT-S was deposited onto transparent conducting oxide coated glass substrates by solution casting method. Single wavelength spectrophotometry is used to monitor the switching speed and contrast ratio at maximum wavelength (lambda (max)). The percentage transmittance at the lambda (max) of the neutral polymer is monitored as a function of time when the polymer film is repeatedly switched. This experiment gives a quantitative measure of the speed with which a film is able to switch between the two states i.e. the coloured and the bleached states. PProDOT-S films were switched at a voltage of 1 center dot 9 V with a switching speed of 2 s at lambda (max) of 565 nm and showed a contrast of similar to 37%. Cyclic voltammetry performed at different scan rates have shown the characteristic anodic and cathodic peaks. The structural investigations of PProDOT-S films by IR spectra were in good agreement with previously reported results. Raman spectra of PProDOT-S showed a strong Raman peak at 1509 cm (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) and a weak peak at 1410 cm (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) due to the C = C asymmetric and symmetric stretching vibrations of thiophene rings. The morphological investigations carried out by using scanning electron microscope (SEM) of polymer films have shown that these polymers are found to be arranged in dense packed clusters with non-uniform distribution having an average width and length of 95 nm and 160 nm, respectively.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES
Keywords: Electrochromic materials (EC); PProDOT-S thin films; cyclic voltammetry; spectroelectrochemistry
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation and Applied Physics (Formally ISU)
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2012 06:22
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2012 06:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45231

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