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Spray characterization of gasoline-ethanol blends from a multi-hole port fuel injector

Anand, TNC and Mohan, Madan A and Ravikrishna, RV (2012) Spray characterization of gasoline-ethanol blends from a multi-hole port fuel injector. In: FUEL, 102 . pp. 613-623.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.06.107

Abstract

This work reports the measured spray structure and droplet size distributions of ethanol-gasoline blends for a low-pressure, multi-hole, port fuel injector (PFI). This study presents previously unavailable data for this class of injectors which are widely used in automotive applications. Specifically, gasoline, ethanol, and gasoline-ethanol blends containing 10%, 20% and 50% ethanol were studied using laser backlight imaging, and particle/droplet image analysis (PDIA) techniques. The fuel mass injected, spray structure and tip penetrations, droplet size distributions, and Sauter mean diameter were determined for the blends, at two different injection pressures. Results indicate that the gasoline and ethanol sprays have similar characteristics in terms of spray progression and droplet sizes in spite of the large difference in viscosity. It appears that the complex mode of atomization utilized in these injectors involving interaction of multiple fuel jets is fairly insensitive to the fuel viscosity over a range of values. This result has interesting ramifications for existing gasoline fuel systems which need to handle blends and even pure ethanol, which is one of the renewable fuels of the future. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCI LTD,ENGLAND
Keywords: Port fuel injector;Spray characterization;PDIA;Gasoline-ethanol blends
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2013 10:26
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2013 10:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/45246

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