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Experiments on thermal response of low aspect ratio packed beds at high Reynolds numbers with varying inflow temperature

Srinivasan, R and Raghunandan, BN (2013) Experiments on thermal response of low aspect ratio packed beds at high Reynolds numbers with varying inflow temperature. In: EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE, 44 . pp. 323-333.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.07...

Abstract

An experimental study for transient temperature response of low aspect ratio packed beds at high Reynolds numbers for a free stream with varying inlet temperature is presented. The packed bed is used as a compact heat exchanger along with a solid propellant gas-generator, to generate room temperature gases for use in applications such as control actuation and air bottle pressurization. Packed beds of lengths similar to 200 mm and 300 mm were characterized for packing diameter based Reynolds numbers, Re-d ranging from 0.6 x 10(4) to 8.5 x 10(4). The solid packing used in the bed consisted of circle divide 9.5 mm and circle divide 5 mm steel spheres with suitable arrangements to eliminate flow entrance and exit effects. The ratios of packed bed diameter to packing diameter for 9.5 mm and 5 mm sphere packing were similar to 9.5 and 18 respectively, with the average packed bed porosities around 0.4. Gas temperatures were measured at the entry, exit and at three axial locations along centre-line in the packed beds. The solid packing temperature was measured at three axial locations in the packed bed. An average Nusselt number correlation of the form Nu(d) = 3.91Re(d)(05) for Re-d range of 10(4) is proposed. For engineering applications of packed beds such as pebble bed heaters, thermal storage systems, and compact heat exchangers a simple procedure is suggested for calculating unsteady gas temperature at packed bed exit for packing Biot number Bi-d < 0.1. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, USA.
Keywords: Packed bed; Random packing; Pressure drop; Transient heat transfer; Low aspect ratio
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2013 06:37
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2013 06:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/46443

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