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An enthalpy-based model of dendritic growth in a convecting binary alloy melt

Bhattacharya, Anirban and Dutta, Pradip (2013) An enthalpy-based model of dendritic growth in a convecting binary alloy melt. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR HEAT & FLUID FLOW, 23 (7). pp. 1121-1135.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/HFF-05-2011-0106

Abstract

Purpose-In the present work, a numerical method, based on the well established enthalpy technique, is developed to simulate the growth of binary alloy equiaxed dendrites in presence of melt convection. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach-The principle of volume-averaging is used to formulate the governing equations (mass, momentum, energy and species conservation) which are solved using a coupled explicit-implicit method. The velocity and pressure fields are obtained using a fully implicit finite volume approach whereas the energy and species conservation equations are solved explicitly to obtain the enthalpy and solute concentration fields. As a model problem, simulation of the growth of a single crystal in a two-dimensional cavity filled with an undercooled melt is performed. Findings-Comparison of the simulation results with available solutions obtained using level set method and the phase field method shows good agreement. The effects of melt flow on dendrite growth rate and solute distribution along the solid-liquid interface are studied. A faster growth rate of the upstream dendrite arm in case of binary alloys is observed, which can be attributed to the enhanced heat transfer due to convection as well as lower solute pile-up at the solid-liquid interface. Subsequently, the influence of thermal and solutal Peclet number and undercooling on the dendrite tip velocity is investigated. Originality/value-As the present enthalpy based microscopic solidification model with melt convection is based on a framework similar to popularly used enthalpy models at the macroscopic scale, it lays the foundation to develop effective multiscale solidification.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Emrald
Keywords: Dendritic solidification; Enthalpy method; Solutal convection; Binary alloy; Solidification; Convection; Alloys
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 05:28
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/47596

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