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Experimental studies on air-assisted impinging jet atomization

Avulapati, Madan Mohan and Venkata, Ravikrishna Rayavarapu (2013) Experimental studies on air-assisted impinging jet atomization. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW, 57 . pp. 88-101.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2013....

Abstract

In the present study, a novel air-assisted impinging jet atomization is demonstrated. A configuration in which a gas jet is directed on to the impinging point of two liquid jets is used to improve the atomization. The effect of liquid properties such as viscosity and surface tension, angle between liquid jets and gas injection orifice diameter on spray characteristics has been experimentally studied. Backlit imaging and particle/droplet imaging and analysis techniques are utilized to characterize the sprays. The experimental results indicate that the effect of liquid viscosity is significant on the liquid sheet break up formed by the impinging jets. However, surface tension does not affect the spray structure significantly in this mode of atomization. At low liquid jet velocity, the prompt mode of atomization is observed where as atomization occurs in classical mode at higher liquid jet velocity. Results showed that variation in the angle between liquid jets do not affect the breakup phenomenon significantly. The spray angle is computed by finding the angle between the lines joining the impinging point and spray edge at an axial distance of 15 mm downstream of the impinging point from the ensemble-averaged data over 100 spray images. It was observed that effect of liquid jets impinging angle on the spray angle is higher at higher liquid velocity. Higher viscosity liquids exhibit lower spray angles. Droplet size measurements indicate a radial variation in the spray. An overall Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD) value is obtained by combining the droplet statistics at all radial locations at a fixed axial location. A very interesting trend is that the SMD is constant beyond a critical Gas to Liquid Ratio (GLR) and momentum ratio for a large variation in liquid viscosity and surface tension. This observation has important ramifications for fuel flexible systems. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to Elesvier Science
Keywords: Air-assisted impinging jet atomization; Spray characterization; PDIA; Twin-fluid atomization
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2013 05:12
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2013 05:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/47729

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