ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Regional variations in the nonlinearity and anisotropy of bovine aortic elastin

Agrawal, Vaibhav and Kollimada, Somanna A and Byju, Achu G and Gundiah, Namrata (2013) Regional variations in the nonlinearity and anisotropy of bovine aortic elastin. In: BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, 12 (6). pp. 1181-1194.

[img] PDF
Bio_Mec_Mod_Mec_12-6_1181_2013.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1276Kb) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10237-013-0474-3

Abstract

Arterial walls have a regular and lamellar organization of elastin present as concentric fenestrated networks in the media. In contrast, elastin networks are longitudinally oriented in layers adjacent to the media. In a previous model exploring the biomechanics of arterial elastin, we had proposed a microstructurally motivated strain energy function modeled using orthotropic material symmetry. Using mechanical experiments, we showed that the neo-Hookean term had a dominant contribution to the overall form of the strain energy function. In contrast, invariants corresponding to the two fiber families had smaller contributions. To extend these investigations, we use biaxial force-controlled experiments to quantify regional variations in the anisotropy and nonlinearity of elastin isolated from bovine aortic tissues proximal and distal to the heart. Results from this study show that tissue nonlinearity significantly increases distal to the heart as compared to proximally located regions (). Distally located samples also have a trend for increased anisotropy (), with the circumferential direction stiffer than the longitudinal, as compared to an isotropic and relatively linear response for proximally located elastin samples. These results are consistent with the underlying tissue histology from proximally located samples that had higher optical density (), fiber thickness (), and trend for lower tortuosity () in elastin fibers as compared to the thinner and highly undulating elastin fibers isolated from distally located samples. Our studies suggest that it is important to consider elastin fiber orientations in investigations that use microstructure-based models to describe the contributions of elastin and collagen to arterial mechanics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Related URLs:
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Arterial mechanics; Elastin; Constitutive model; Strain energy function
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2013 05:14
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2013 05:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/47733

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item