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Environments of extended radio sources in the Australia Telescope Low-Brightness Survey

Thorat, K and Saripalli, L and Subrahmanyan, R (2013) Environments of extended radio sources in the Australia Telescope Low-Brightness Survey. In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 434 (4). pp. 2877-2891.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt1196

Abstract

We present a study of the environments of extended radio sources in the Australia Telescope Low-Brightness Survey (ATLBS). The radio sources were selected from the ATLBS Extended Source Sample, which is a well defined sample containing the most extended of radio sources in the ATLBS sky survey regions. The environments were analysed using 4-m Cerro-Tololo Inter-American Observatory Blanco telescope observations carried out for ATLBS fields in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey r(') band. We have estimated the properties of the environments using smoothed density maps derived from galaxy catalogues constructed using these optical imaging data. The angular distribution of galaxy density relative to the axes of the radio sources has been quantified by defining anisotropy parameters that are estimated using a new method presented here. Examining the anisotropy parameters for a subsample of extended double radio sources that includes all sources with pronounced asymmetry in lobe extents, we find good evidence for environmental anisotropy being the dominant cause for lobe asymmetry in that higher galaxy density occurs almost always on the side of the shorter lobe, and this validates the usefulness of the method proposed and adopted here. The environmental anisotropy parameters have been used to examine and compare the environments of Fanaroff-Riley Class I (FRI) and Fanaroff-Riley Class II (FRII) radio sources in two redshift regimes (z < 0.5 and z > 0.5). Wide-angle tail sources and head-tail sources lie in the most overdense environments. The head-tail source environments (for the HT sources in our sample) display dipolar anisotropy in that higher galaxy density appears to lie in the direction of the tails. Excluding the head-tail and wide-angle tail sources, subsamples of FRI and FRII sources from the ATLBS appear to lie in similar moderately overdense environments, with no evidence for redshift evolution in the regimes studied herein.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to OXFORD UNIV PRESS,ENGLAND
Keywords: methods: data analysis; methods: miscellaneous; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: photometry; radio continuum: general
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Joint Astronomy Programme
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2013 06:13
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2013 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/47983

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