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Experimental analysis of composite single-lap joints using digital image correlation and comparison with theoretical models

Kumar, Vijaya RL and Bhat, MR and Murthy, CRL (2013) Experimental analysis of composite single-lap joints using digital image correlation and comparison with theoretical models. In: Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 32 (23). pp. 1858-1876.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684413500859

Abstract

The demand for energy efficient, low weight structures has boosted the use of composite structures assembled using increased quantities of structural adhesives. Bonded structures may be subjected to severe working environments such as high temperature and moisture due to which the adhesive gets degraded over a period of time. This reduces the strength of a joint and leads to premature failure. Measurement of strains in the adhesive bondline at any point of time during service may be beneficial as an assessment can be made on the integrity of a joint and necessary preventive actions may be taken before failure. This paper presents an experimental approach of measuring peel and shear strains in the adhesive bondline of composite single-lap joints using digital image correlation. Different sets of composite adhesive joints with varied bond quality were prepared and subjected to tensile load during which digital images were taken and processed using digital image correlation software. The measured peel strain at the joint edge showed a rapid increase with the initiation of a crack till failure of the joint. The measured strains were used to compute the corresponding stresses assuming a plane strain condition and the results were compared with stresses predicted using theoretical models, namely linear and nonlinear adhesive beam models. A similar trend in stress distribution was observed. Further comparison of peel and shear strains also exhibited similar trend for both healthy and degraded joints. Maximum peel stress failure criterion was used to predict the failure load of a composite adhesive joint and a comparison was made between predicted and actual failure loads. The predicted failure loads from theoretical models were found to be higher than the actual failure load for all the joints.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the authors.
Keywords: Composites; Adhesive Joints; Strain Measurement; Digital Image Correlation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2014 10:38
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2014 06:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/48053

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