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Molecular dynamic simulations of elastomer structure and its influence on anisotropic stress under time-varying strain

Srivastava, Prashant Kumar and Venkatraman, Kartik (2014) Molecular dynamic simulations of elastomer structure and its influence on anisotropic stress under time-varying strain. In: MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 112 (1). pp. 49-59.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00268976.2013.798693

Abstract

We investigate the evolution of polymer structure and its influence on uniaxial anisotropic stress under time-varying uniaxial strain, and the role of external control variables such as temperature, strain rate, chain length, and density, using molecular dynamics simulation. At temperatures higher than glass transition, stress anisotropy in the system is reduced even though the bond stretch is greater at higher temperatures. There is a significant increase in the stress level with increasing density. At higher densities, the uncoiling of the chains is suppressed and the major contribution to the deformation is by internal deformation of the chains. At faster rates of loading stress anisotropy increases. The deformation mechanism is mostly due to bond stretch and bond bending rather than overall shape and size. Stress levels increase with longer chain length. There is a critical value of the functionality of the cross-linkers beyond which the uniaxial stress developed increases caused primarily by bond stretching due to increased constraint on the motion of the monomers. Stacking of the chains in the system also plays a dominant role in the behaviour in terms of excluded volume interactions. Low density, high temperature, low values of functionality of cross-linkers, and short chain length facilitate chain uncoiling and chain slipping in cross-linked polymers.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD,ENGLAND
Keywords: cross-linked polymer; anisotropic uniaxial stress; time-varying uniaxial strain; molecular dynamics; polymer structure
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2014 08:20
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2014 04:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/48195

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