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Insulin like growth factor binding protein 4 promotes GBM progression and regulates key factors involved in EMT and invasion

Kumar, Praveen VR and Sehgal, Priyanka and Thota, Balram and Patil, Shilpa and Santosh, Vani and Kondaiah, Paturu (2014) Insulin like growth factor binding protein 4 promotes GBM progression and regulates key factors involved in EMT and invasion. In: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY, 116 (3). pp. 455-464.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-013-1324-y

Abstract

Insulin like growth factor binding protein 4 (IGFBP4) regulates growth and development of tissues and organs by negatively regulating IGF signaling. Among most cancers, IGFBP4 has growth inhibitory role and reported as a down-regulated gene, except for renal cell carcinoma, wherein IGFBP4 promotes tumor progression. IGFBP4 expression has been shown to be higher in increasing grades of astrocytoma. However, the functional role of IGFBP4 in gliomas has not been explored. Surgical biopsies of 20 normal brain and 198 astrocytoma samples were analyzed for IGFBP4 expression by qRT-PCR. Highest expression of IGFBP4 mRNA was seen in GBM tumors compared to control brain tissues (median log2 of 2.035, p < 0.0001). Immunohistochemical analysis of 53 tissue samples revealed predominant nuclear staining of IGFBP4, seen maximally in GBMs when compared to DA and AA tumors (median LI = 29.12 +/- A 16.943, p < 0.001). Over expression of IGFBP4 in U343 glioma cells resulted in up-regulation of molecules involved in tumor growth, EMT and invasion such as pAkt, pErk, Vimentin, and N-cadherin and down-regulation of E-cadherin. Functionally, IGFBP4 over expression in these cells resulted in increased proliferation, migration and invasion as assessed by MTT, transwell migration, and Matrigel invasion assays. These findings were confirmed upon IGFBP4 knockdown in U251 glioma cells. Our data suggest a pro-tumorigenic role for IGFBP4 in glioma.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK,USA
Keywords: IGFBP4; Invasion; Glioblastoma; EMT
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 05:56
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 06:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/48548

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