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Evaluation of polyvinylidene fluoride nasal sensor to assess deviated nasal septum in comparision with peak nasal inspiratory flow measurements

Manjunatha, Roopa G and Rajanna, K and Mahapatra, DRoy and Prakash, Surya (2014) Evaluation of polyvinylidene fluoride nasal sensor to assess deviated nasal septum in comparision with peak nasal inspiratory flow measurements. In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, 28 (1). E62-E67.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajra.2014.28.3996

Abstract

Background: Deviated nasal septum (DNS) is one of the major causes of nasal obstruction. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nasal sensor is the new technique developed to assess the nasal obstruction caused by DNS. This study evaluates the PVDF nasal sensor measurements in comparison with PEAK nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements and visual analog scale (VAS) of nasal obstruction. Methods: Because of piezoelectric property, two PVDF nasal sensors provide output voltage signals corresponding to the right and left nostril when they are subjected to nasal airflow. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the voltage signal corresponding to nasal airflow was analyzed to assess the nasal obstruction. PVDF nasal sensor and PNIF were performed on 30 healthy subjects and 30 DNS patients. Receiver operating characteristic was used to analyze the DNS of these two methods. Results: Measurements of PVDF nasal sensor strongly correlated with findings of PNIF (r = 0.67; p < 0.01) in DNS patients. A significant difference (p < 0.001) was observed between PVDF nasal sensor measurements and PNIF measurements of the DNS and the control group. A cutoff between normal and pathological of 0.51 Vp-p for PVDF nasal sensor and 120 L/min for PNIF was calculated. No significant difference in terms of sensitivity of PVDF nasal sensor and PNIF (89.7% versus 82.6%) and specificity (80.5% versus 78.8%) was calculated. Conclusion: The result shows that PVDF measurements closely agree with PNIF findings. Developed PVDF nasal sensor is an objective method that is simple, inexpensive, fast, and portable for determining DNS in clinical practice.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to OCEAN SIDE PUBLICATIONS INC, 95 PITMAN ST, PROVIDENCE, RI 02906 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
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Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2014 05:00
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2014 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48642

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