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Experimental investigation of biofuel drop impact on stainless steel surface

Sen, S and Vaikuntanathan, V and Sivakumar, D (2014) Experimental investigation of biofuel drop impact on stainless steel surface. In: EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE, 54 . pp. 38-46.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2014.01...

Abstract

Blends of conventional fuels such as Jet-A1 (aviation kerosene) and diesel with bio-derived components, referred to as biofttels, are gradually replacing the conventional fuels in aircraft and automobile engines. There is a lack of understanding on the interaction of spray drops of such biofuels with solid surfaces. The present study is an experimental investigation on the impact of biofuel drops onto a smooth stainless steel surface. The biofuel is a mixture of 90% commercially available camelina-derived biofuel and 10% aromatics. Biofuel drops were generated using a syringe-hypodermic needle arrangement. On demand, the needle delivers an almost spherical drop with drop diameter in the range 2.05-2.15 mm. Static wetting experiments show that the biofuel drop completely wets the stainless steel surface and exhibits an equilibrium contact angle of 5.6. High speed video camera was used to capture the impact dynamics of biofuel drops with Weber number ranging from 20 to 570. The spreading dynamics and maximum spreading diameter of impacting biofuel drops on the target surface were analyzed. For the impact of high Weber number biofuel drops, the spreading law suggests beta similar to tau(0.5) where beta is the spread factor and tau, the nondimensionalized time. The experimentally observed trend of maximum spread factor, beta(max) of camelina biofuel drop on the target surface with We compares well with the theoretically predicted trend from Ukiwe-Kwok model. After reaching beta(max), the impacting biofuel drop undergoes a prolonged sluggish spreading due to the high wetting nature of the camelina biofuel-stainless steel system. As a result, the final spread factor is found to be a little more than beta(max). (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, USA
Keywords: Biofuel; Camelina; Drop impact; Spreading
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 16 May 2014 06:33
Last Modified: 16 May 2014 06:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/49024

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