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Influence of surface area to volume ratio of fuel particles on gasification process in a fixed bed

Mahapatra, Sadhan and Dasappa, S (2014) Influence of surface area to volume ratio of fuel particles on gasification process in a fixed bed. In: ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, 19 . pp. 122-129.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2013.12.013


The paper addresses the effect of particle size on tar generation in a fixed bed gasification system. Pyrolysis, a diffusion limited process, depends on the heating rate and the surface area of the particle influencing the release of the volatile fraction leaving behind residual char. The flaming time has been estimated for different biomass samples. It is found that the flaming time for wood flakes is almost one fourth than that of coconut shells for same equivalent diameter fuel samples. The particle density of the coconut shell is more than twice that of wood spheres, and almost four times compared with wood flakes; having a significant influence on the flaming time. The ratio of the particle surface area to that of an equivalent diameter is nearly two times higher for flakes compared with wood pieces. Accounting for the density effect, on normalizing with density of the particle, the flaming rate is double in the case of wood flakes or coconut shells compared with the wood sphere for an equivalent diameter. This is due to increased surface area per unit volume of the particle. Experiments are conducted on estimation of tar content in the raw gas for wood flakes and standard wood pieces. It is observed that the tar level in the raw gas is about 80% higher in the case of wood flakes compared with wood pieces. The analysis suggests that the time for pyrolysis is lower with a higher surface area particle and is subjected to fast pyrolysis process resulting in higher tar fraction with low char yield. Increased residence time with staged air flow has a better control on residence time and lower tar in the raw gas. (C) 2014 International Energy Initiative. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Biomass gasification; Particle size; Tar; Packed bed
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 08:40
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 08:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/49132

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