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Design of fully rotatable, roller-crank-driven, cam mechanisms for arbitrary motion specifications

Ananthasuresh, GK (2001) Design of fully rotatable, roller-crank-driven, cam mechanisms for arbitrary motion specifications. In: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 36 (4). pp. 445-467.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0094-114X(00)00058-6

Abstract

The design of a non-traditional cam and roller-follower mechanism is described here. In this mechanism, the roller-crank rather than the cam is used as the continuous input member, while both complete a full rotation in each revolution and remain in contact throughout. It is noted that in order to have the cam fully rotate for every full rotation of the roller-crank, the cam cannot be a closed profile, rather the roller traverses the open cam profile twice in each cycle. Using kinematic analysis, the angular velocity of the cam when the roller traverses the cam profile in one direction, is related to the angular velocity of the cam when the roller retraces its path on the cam in the other direction. Thus, one can specify any arbitrary function relating the motion of the cam to the motion of the roller-crank for only 180 degrees of rotation in the angular velocity space. The motion of the cam in the remaining portion is then automatically determined. In specifying the arbitrary motion, many desirable characteristics such as multiple dwells, low acceleration and jerk, etc., can be obtained. Useful design equations are derived for this purpose. Using the kinematic inversion technique, the cam profile is readily obtained once the motion is specified in the angular velocity space. The only limitation to the arbitrary motion specification is making sure that the transmission angle never gets too low, so that the force will be transmitted efficiently from roller to cam. This is addressed by incorporating a transmission index into the motion specification in the synthesis process. Consequently, in this method we can specify any arbitrary motion within a permissible rone, such that the transmission index is higher than the specified minimum value. Single-dwell, double-dwell and a long hesitation motion are used as examples to demonstrate the ffectiveness of the design method. Force closure using an optimally located spring and quasi-kinetostatic analysis are also discussed. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, INGLAND.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2014 12:44
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 05:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/49394

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