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Microstructure-hardness-fretting wear resistance correlation in ultrafine grained Cu-TiB2-Pb composites

Sharma, Amit Siddharth and Biswas, Krishanu and Basu, Bikramjit (2014) Microstructure-hardness-fretting wear resistance correlation in ultrafine grained Cu-TiB2-Pb composites. In: WEAR, 319 (1-2). pp. 160-171.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.wear.2014.07.014

Abstract

The retention of the desired combination of mechanical/tribological properties in ultrafine grained materials presents important challenges in the field of bulk metallic composites. In order to address this aspect, the present work demonstrates how one can achieve a good combination of hardness and wear resistance in Cu-Pb-TiB2 composites, consolidated by spark plasma sintering at low temperatures ( < 500 degrees C). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) studies reveal ultrafine grains of Cu (100-400 nm) with coarser TiB2 particles (1-2 mu m) along with fine scale Pb dispersoid at triple junctions or at the grain boundaries of Cu. Importantly, a high hardness of around 2.2 GPa and relative density of close to 90% relative density (rho(theo)) have been achieved for Cu-15 wt% TiB2-10 wt% Pb composite. Such property theo, combination has never been reported for any Cu-based nanocomposite, by conventional processing route. In reference to the tribological performance, fretting wear tests were conducted on the sintered nanocomposites and a good combination of steady state COF (0.6-0.7) and wear rate (10-4 mm(3)/N m) were measured. An inverse relationship between wear rate and hardness was recorded and this commensurates well with Archard's relationship of abrasive wear. The formation of a wear-resistant delaminated tribolayer consisting of TiB2 particles and ultrafine oxide debris, (Cu, Fe, Ti)(x)O-y as confirmed from subsurface imaging using focused ion beam microscopy has been identified as the key factors for the low wear rate of these composites. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Fretting; Metal matrix composite; Hardness; Bearings; Profilometry
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2014 06:51
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2014 06:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/50520

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