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Novel supersonic nozzles for mixing enhancement in supersonic ejectors

Rao, Srisha MV and Jagadeesh, G (2014) Novel supersonic nozzles for mixing enhancement in supersonic ejectors. In: APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING, 71 (1). pp. 62-71.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.0...

Abstract

Two novel supersonic nozzles Tip Ring Supersonic Nozzle and Elliptic Sharp Tipped Shallow (ESTS) Lobed Nozzle have been developed to enhance mixing at high speeds which is beneficial to supersonic ejectors. A circular ring protruding at the exit of a conical nozzle forms the tip ring nozzle. The innovative ESTS lobed nozzle comprising of four elliptic lobes with sharp tips that do not protrude deep into the core supersonic flow is produced by a novel yet simple methodology. A comparative experimental study is conducted between a conical nozzle, an ESTS lobed nozzle and a tip ring nozzle with exit Mach number of 2.3. For the first time, the three dimensional flow structure from ESTS lobed nozzle and tip ring nozzle is revealed from laser scattering flow visualization experiments on the free jet. A doubling of jet spreading rate is observed in the ESTS lobed nozzle. When applied to a supersonic ejector, both nozzles achieve a 30% increase in entrainment of secondary flow. The loss of compression ratio is 15% for the ESTS lobed nozzle while it is 50% for the tip ring nozzle. Further, the behavior of wall static pressure profile corroborates mixing enhancement. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Supersonic ejector; Gaseous mixing; Mixing enhancement; Lobed nozzle
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 05:46
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2015 05:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/50586

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