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ZnO/ITO core/shell nanostructure electrodes for future prototype solar cell devices

Devika, Mudusu and Reddy, Nandanapalli Koteeswara and Tu, Charles W (2015) ZnO/ITO core/shell nanostructure electrodes for future prototype solar cell devices. In: RSC ADVANCES, 5 (4). pp. 2891-2899.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ra12581a

Abstract

The impact of indium tin oxide (ITO) layers over vertically aligned zinc oxide nanorods (ZnO NRs) has been investigated to consider ITO nanolayers as transparent conducting oxide electrodes (TCOE) for hierarchical heteronanostructure solar cell devices that have ZnO nanostructures as branches. ZnO/ITO core/shell nanostructures were prepared in two- steps using vapor-liquid-solid and evaporation processes, and further the structures were annealed at various temperatures. Transmission electron microscopic studies show that the as-grown ZnO/ITO structures consist of an amorphous ITO shell on single crystalline ZnO cores, whereas the structures annealed above 300 degrees C consist of a single crystalline ITO shell. ITO layer deposited ZnO NRs exhibit a small red-shift in ZnO near-band-edge emission as well as optical band gap. The electrical measurements carried out on single ZnO/ITO core/shell NR under dark and UV light showed excellent thermionic transport properties. From these investigations it is emphasized that ITO nanolayers could be used as TCO electrodes for prototype ZnO based hierarchical solar cell devices.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Other Centres/Units/UG Programme > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2015 05:52
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2015 05:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/50671

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