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CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change

Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J and Davies, Stuart J and Bennett, Amy C and Gonzalez-Akre, Erika B and Muller-Landau, Helene C and Wright, Joseph S and Abu Salim, Kamariah and Zambrano, Angelica M Almeyda and Alonso, Alfonso and Baltzer, Jennifer L and Basset, Yves and Bourg, Norman A and Broadbent, Eben N and Brockelman, Warren Y and Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh and Burslem, David FRP and Butt, Nathalie and Cao, Min and Cardenas, Dairon and Chuyong, George B and Clay, Keith and Cordell, Susan and Dattaraja, Handanakere S and Deng, Xiaobao and Detto, Matteo and Du, Xiaojun and Duque, Alvaro and Erikson, David L and Ewango, Corneille EN and Fischer, Gunter A and Fletcher, Christine and Foster, Robin B and Giardina, Christian P and Gilbert, Gregory S and Gunatilleke, Nimal and Gunatilleke, Savitri and Hao, Zhanqing and Hargrove, William W and Hart, Terese B and Hau, Billy CH and He, Fangliang and Hoffman, H and Howe, Robert W and Hubbell, Stephen P and Inman-Narahari, Faith M and Jansen, Patrick A and Jiang, Mingxi and Johnson, Daniel J and Kanzaki, Mamoru and Kassim, Abdul Rahman and Kenfack, David and Kibet, Staline and Kinnaird, Margaret F and Korte, Lisa and Kral, Kamil and Kumar, Jitendra and Larson, Andrew J and Li, Yide and Li, Xiankun and Liu, Shirong and Lum, Shawn K Y and Lutz, James A and Ma, Keping and Maddalena, Damian M and Makana, Jean-Remy and Malhi, Yadvinder and Marthews, Toby and Serudin, Rafizah Mat and McMahon, Sean M and McShea, William J and Memiaghe, Herve R and Mi, Xiangcheng and Mizuno, Takashi and Morecroft, Michael and Myers, Jonathan A and Novotny, Vojtech and de Oliveira, Alexandre A and Ong, Perry S and Orwig, David A and Ostertag, Rebecca and den Ouden, Jan and Parker, Geoffrey G and Phillips, Richard P and Sack, Lawren and Sainge, Moses N and Sang, Weiguo and Sri-ngernyuang, Kriangsak and Sukumar, Raman and Sun, I-Fang and Sungpalee, Witchaphart and Suresh, Hebbalalu Sathyanarayana and Tan, Sylvester and Thomas, Sean C and Thomas, Duncan W and Thompson, Jill and Turner, Benjamin L and Uriarte, Maria and Valencia, Renato and Vallejo, Marta I and Vicentini, Alberto and Vrska, Tomas and Wang, Xihua and Wang, Xugao and Weiblen, George and Wolf, Amy and Xu, Han and Yap, Sandra and Zimmerman, Jess (2015) CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. In: GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 21 (2). pp. 528-549.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/gcb.12712

Abstract

Global change is impacting forests worldwide, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services including climate regulation. Understanding how forests respond is critical to forest conservation and climate protection. This review describes an international network of 59 long-term forest dynamics research sites (CTFS-ForestGEO) useful for characterizing forest responses to global change. Within very large plots (median size 25ha), all stems 1cm diameter are identified to species, mapped, and regularly recensused according to standardized protocols. CTFS-ForestGEO spans 25 degrees S-61 degrees N latitude, is generally representative of the range of bioclimatic, edaphic, and topographic conditions experienced by forests worldwide, and is the only forest monitoring network that applies a standardized protocol to each of the world's major forest biomes. Supplementary standardized measurements at subsets of the sites provide additional information on plants, animals, and ecosystem and environmental variables. CTFS-ForestGEO sites are experiencing multifaceted anthropogenic global change pressures including warming (average 0.61 degrees C), changes in precipitation (up to +/- 30% change), atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur compounds (up to 3.8g Nm(-2)yr(-1) and 3.1g Sm(-2)yr(-1)), and forest fragmentation in the surrounding landscape (up to 88% reduced tree cover within 5km). The broad suite of measurements made at CTFS-ForestGEO sites makes it possible to investigate the complex ways in which global change is impacting forest dynamics. Ongoing research across the CTFS-ForestGEO network is yielding insights into how and why the forests are changing, and continued monitoring will provide vital contributions to understanding worldwide forest diversity and dynamics in an era of global change.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-BLACKWELL, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Keywords: biodiversity; Center for Tropical Forest Science (CTFS); climate change; demography; forest dynamics plot; Forest Global Earth Observatory (ForestGEO); long-term monitoring; spatial analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 12:07
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 12:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51040

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