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Absence of systemic toxicity in mouse model towards BaTiO3 nanoparticulate based eluate treatment

Dubey, Ashutosh Kumar and Thrivikraman, Greeshma and Basu, Bikramjit (2015) Absence of systemic toxicity in mouse model towards BaTiO3 nanoparticulate based eluate treatment. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, 26 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s10856-015-5414-6

Abstract

One of the existing issues in implant failure of orthopedic biomaterials is the toxicity induced by the fine particles released during long term use in vivo, leading to acute inflammatory response. In developing a new class of piezobiocomposite to mimic the integrated electrical and mechanical properties of bone, bone-mimicking physical properties as well as in vitro cytocompatibility properties have been achieved with spark plasma sintered hydroxyapatite (HA)-barium titanate (BaTiO3) composites. However, the presence of BaTiO3 remains a concern towards the potential toxicity effect. To address this issue, present work reports the first result to conclusively confirm the non-toxic effect of HA-BaTiO3 piezobiocomposite nanoparticulates, in vivo. Twenty BALB/c mice were intraarticularly injected at their right knee joints with different concentrations of HA-BaTiO3 composite of up to 25 mg/ml. The histopathological examination confirmed the absence of any trace of injected particles or any sign of inflammatory reaction in the vital organs, such as heart, spleen, kidney and liver at 7 days post-exposure period. Rather, the injected nanoparticulates were found to be agglomerated in the vicinity of the knee joint, surrounded by macrophages. Importantly, the absence of any systemic toxicity response in any of the vital organs in the treated mouse model, other than a mild local response at the site of delivery, was recorded. The serum biochemical analyses using proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta) also complimented to the non-immunogenic response to injected particulates. Altogether, the absence of any inflammatory/ adverse reaction will open up myriad of opportunities for BaTiO3 based piezoelectric implantable devices in biomedical applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2015 10:01
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2015 10:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51088

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