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The Evolution of Animal Welfare and the 3Rs in Brazil, China, and India

Bayne, Kathryn and Ramachandra, Gudde S and Rivera, Ekaterina A and Wang, Jianfei (2015) The Evolution of Animal Welfare and the 3Rs in Brazil, China, and India. In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE, 54 (2). pp. 181-191.

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Abstract

Increasingly, scientific collaborations and contracts cross country borders. The need for assurance that the quality of animal welfare and the caliber of animal research conducted are equivalent among research partners around the globe is of concern to the scientific and laboratory animal medicine communities, the general public, and other key stakeholders. Therefore, global harmonization of animal care and use standards and practices, with the welfare of the animals as a cornerstone, is essential. In the evolving global landscape of enhanced attention to animal welfare, a widely accepted path to achieving this goal is the successful integration of the 3Rs in animal care and use programs. Currently, awareness of the 3Rs, their implementation, and the resulting animal care and use standards and practices vary across countries. This variability has direct effects on the animals used in research and potentially the data generated and may also have secondary effects on the country's ability to be viewed as a global research partner. Here we review the status of implementation of the 3Rs worldwide and focus on 3 countries-Brazil, China and India-with increasing economic influence and an increasing footprint in the biomedical research enterprise.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER ASSOC LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE, 9190 CRESTWYN HILLS DR, MEMPHIS, TN 38125 USA
Keywords: 3 RS; BIOMEDICAL-RESEARCH; IMPLEMENTATION; EXPERIMENTATION; ALTERNATIVES; SCIENTISTS; POLICIES; SCIENCE; SEARCH; LAW
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 05:21
Last Modified: 06 May 2015 05:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51493

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