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Structural characterization of folded and extended conformations in peptides containing gamma amino acids with proteinogenic side chains: crystal structures of gamma(n), (alpha gamma)(n) and gamma gamma delta gamma sequences

Reddy, Muthukurpalya Bhojegowd Madhusudana and Basuroy, Krishnayan and Chandrappa, Siddappa and Dinesh, Bhimareddy and Basavalingappa, Vasantha and Venkatesha, Manjunath Achanna and Balaram, Padmanabhan (2015) Structural characterization of folded and extended conformations in peptides containing gamma amino acids with proteinogenic side chains: crystal structures of gamma(n), (alpha gamma)(n) and gamma gamma delta gamma sequences. In: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 39 (5). pp. 3319-3326.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1039/c5nj00132c

Abstract

The crystal structures of nine peptides containing gamma(4)Val and gamma(4)Leu are described. The short sequences Boc-gamma(4)(R)Val](2)-OMe 1, Boc-gamma(4)(R)Val](3)-NHMe 2 and Boc-gamma(4)(S)Val-gamma(4)(R)Val-OMe 3 adopt extended apolar, sheet like structures. The tetrapeptide Boc-gamma(4)(R)Val](4)-OMe 4 adopts an extended conformation, in contrast to the folded C-14 helical structure determined previously for Boc-gamma(4)(R)Leu](4)-OMe. The hybrid alpha gamma sequence Boc-Ala-gamma(4)(R)Leu](2)-OMe 5 adopts an S-shaped structure devoid of intramolecular hydrogen bonds, with both alpha residues adopting local helical conformations. In sharp contrast, the tetrapeptides Boc-Aib-gamma(4)(S)Leu](2)-OMe 6 and Boc-Leu-gamma(4)(R)Leu](2)-OMe 7 adopt folded structures stabilized by two successive C-12 hydrogen bonds. gamma(4)Val residues have also been incorporated into the strand segments of a crystalline octapeptide, Boc-Leu-gamma(4)(R)Val-Val-(D)Pro-Gly-Leu-gamma(4)(R)Val-Val-OMe 8. The gamma gamma delta gamma tetrapeptide containing gamma(4)Val and delta(5)Leu residues adopts an extended sheet like structure. The hydrogen bonding pattern at gamma residues corresponds to an apolar sheet, while a polar sheet is observed at the lone delta residue. The transition between folded and extended structures at gamma residues involves a change of the torsion angle from the gauche to the trans conformation about the C-beta-C-alpha bond.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 09:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51670

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