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Airblast spray in crossflow - Structure, trajectory and droplet sizing

Sinha, Anubhav and Prakash, Surya R and Mohan, Madan A and Ravikrishna, RV (2015) Airblast spray in crossflow - Structure, trajectory and droplet sizing. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW, 72 . pp. 97-111.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015...

Abstract

This study reports results of an experimental investigation of airblast spray of water and ethanol in crossflow. Laser shadowgraphy and Particle/Droplet Imaging Analysis (PDIA) are used to derive spray trajectory and drop size information while Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) is used to measure droplet velocities. A new phenomenon of spray bifurcation is observed for low Gas to Liquid Ratio (GLR) cases. The reasons for the spatial bifurcation can be attributed to a combination of reasons. These are (a) presence of large ligaments and droplets in the near-nozzle region for low GLRs (b) secondary breakup experienced by ligaments/droplets leading to formation of a large number of small droplets, and (c) the crossflow causing differential dispersion of the small and large droplets. A novel correlation for spray trajectory is proposed incorporating the momentum ratio and liquid surface tension. This correlation is shown to be effective in predicting the non-linear spray trajectory over a large range of conditions for not only water but ethanol and Jet-A also. It is observed that the larger droplets penetrate further into the crossflow, in the direction of injection. Thus, with increase in height of the measurement location from the injection plane, the droplet Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD) is found to increase. Moreover, as the droplets travel downstream in the crossflow direction, the droplet SMD is observed to decrease. The effect of drag is assessed by comparing velocity of different sizes of droplets at various locations. Smaller droplets are entrained into the crossflow at much lower elevations, whereas larger droplets tend to penetrate further into the crossflow. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Airblast spray; Crossflow; Shadowgraphy; Spray trajectory; Droplet sizing; Particle tracking velocimetry
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 11:23
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 11:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51689

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