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Analysis on the atomization characteristics of aviation biofuel discharging from simplex swirl atomizer

Sivakumar, D and Vankeswaram, SK and Sakthikumar, R and Raghunandan, BN (2015) Analysis on the atomization characteristics of aviation biofuel discharging from simplex swirl atomizer. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW, 72 . pp. 88-96.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015...

Abstract

The atomization characteristics of aviation biofuel discharging from a simplex swirl atomizer into quiescent atmospheric air are studied. The aviation biofuel is a mixture of 90% commercially available camelina-derived biofuel and 10% VonSol-53 (aromatics). The experiments are conducted in a spray test facility at varying fuel flow rate conditions. The measured characteristics include atomizer flow number, spray cone angle, breakup length of liquid sheet, wavelength of undulations on liquid sheet, and spray droplet size. The characteristics of biofuel sheet breakup are deduced from the captured images of biofuel spray. The measurements of spray droplet size distribution are obtained using Spraytec. The experimentally measured characteristics of the biofuel sheet breakup are compared with the predictions obtained from the liquid film breakup model proposed by Senecal et al. (1999). The measurements of wavelength and breakup length of the biofuel sheet discharging from the simplex swirl atomizer agree well with the model predictions. The model-predicted droplet size for the biofuel spray is significantly higher than the experimentally measured Sauter mean diameter (SMD). The spray droplets formed from the liquid sheet breakup undergo secondary atomization until 35-45 mm from the atomizer exit and thereafter the SMD increases downstream due to the combined effect of fuel evaporation and droplet coalescence. A good comparison is observed between the experimentally measured SMD of the biofuel spray and the predictions obtained using the empirical correlation reported in literature for sprays discharging from simplex swirl atomizers. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Alternative jet fuel; Film breakup; Spray characteristics; Swirl atomizer; Biofuel spray
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 05:35
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2015 05:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/51707

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