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Experimental studies on evaporation of fuel droplets under forced convection using spray in crossflow methodology

Sinha, Anubhav and Prakash, Surya R and Mohan, Madan A and Ravikrishna, RV (2016) Experimental studies on evaporation of fuel droplets under forced convection using spray in crossflow methodology. In: FUEL, 164 . pp. 374-385.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.09.088

Abstract

Experimental data on evaporation of droplets of decane, Jet-A1, and Jet-A1 surrogate are generated using a spray in crossflow configuration. The advantage of a crossflow configuration is that it enables us to study droplet evaporation under forced convective conditions involving droplet diameters of size relevant in practical combustors. Specifically, spray from an airblast atomizer is injected into a preheated crossflow of air and the resulting spray is characterized in terms of spray structure along with droplet size and velocity. An existing correlation for the spray trajectory is modified to incorporate the effect of elevated temperature, and is found to be in good agreement with the experimental data. Droplet sizes and velocities are measured at different locations along the crossflow direction to assess droplet evaporation. Specifically, droplets having size less than 25-mu m are selected for further analysis since these droplets are observed to exhibit velocities which are aligned with the crossflow. By comparing the droplet diameter profiles at upstream and downstream locations, the evaporation constant k for the d(2)-law is obtained iteratively. To assess the efficacy of the values of k obtained, the calculated droplet size distribution using the proposed k values at the downstream location is compared with the measured droplet size distribution at that location. A reasonably good match is found for all the three liquids confirming the validity of the analysis. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Keywords: Droplet evaporation; Forced convection; Spray in crossflow; Droplet sizing
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2015 04:44
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2015 04:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/52797

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