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Definition of a serum marker panel for glioblastoma discrimination and identification of Interleukin 1 beta in the microglial secretome as a novel mediator of endothelial cell survival induced by C-reactive protein

Nijaguna, Mamatha B and Schroeder, Christoph and Patil, Vikas and Shwetha, Shivayogi D and Hegde, Alangar S and Chandramouli, Bangalore A and Arivazhagan, Arimappamagan and Santosh, Vani and Hoheisel, Joerg D and Somasundaram, Kumaravel (2015) Definition of a serum marker panel for glioblastoma discrimination and identification of Interleukin 1 beta in the microglial secretome as a novel mediator of endothelial cell survival induced by C-reactive protein. In: JOURNAL OF PROTEOMICS, 128 . pp. 251-261.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2015.07.026

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant adult primary brain tumor. We profiled 724 cancer-associated proteins in sera of healthy individuals (n = 27) and GBM (n = 28) using antibody microarray. While 69 proteins exhibited differential abundance in GBM sera, a three-marker panel (LYAM1, BHE40 and CRP) could discriminate GBM sera from that of healthy donors with an accuracy of 89.7% and p < 0.0001. The high abundance of C-reactive protein (CRP) in GBM sera was confirmed in 264 independent samples. High levels of CRP protein was seen in GBM but without a change in transcript levels suggesting a non-tumoral origin. Glioma-secreted Interleukin 6 (IL6) was found to induce hepatocytes to secrete CRP, involving JAK-STAT pathway. The culture supernatant from CRP-treated microglial cells induced endothelial cell survival under nutrient-deprivation condition involving CRP-Fc gamma RIII signaling cascade. Transcript profiling of CRP-treated microglial cells identified Interleukin 1 beta (IL1 beta) present in the microglial secretome as the key mediator of CRP-induced endothelial cell survival. IL1 beta neutralization by antibody-binding or siRNA-mediated silencing in microglial cells reduced the ability of the supernatant from CRP-treated microglial cells to induce endothelial cell survival. Thus our study identifies a serum based three-marker panel for GBM diagnosis and provides leads for developing targeted therapies. Biological significance A complex antibody microarray based serum marker profiling identified a three-marker panel - LYAM1, BHE40 and CRP as an accurate discriminator of glioblastoma sera from that of healthy individuals. CRP protein is seen in high levels without a concomitant increase of CRP transcripts in glioblastoma. Glioma-secreted IL6 induced hepatocytes to produce CRP in a JAK-STAT signaling dependent manner. CRP induced microglial cells to release IL1 beta which in turn promoted endothelial cell survival. This study, besides defining a serum panel for glioblastoma discrimination, identified IL1 beta as a potential candidate for developing targeted therapy. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Glioma; Antibody microarray; CRP; IL1 beta; Microglia; Endothelial cell; Biomarker; Stromal cell; Brain tumor
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2015 06:06
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2015 06:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/52957

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