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A flame particle tracking analysis of turbulence-chemistry interaction in hydrogen-air premixed flames

Uranakara, Harshavardhana A and Chaudhuri, Swetaprovo and Dave, Himanshu L and Arias, Paul G and Im, Hong G (2016) A flame particle tracking analysis of turbulence-chemistry interaction in hydrogen-air premixed flames. In: COMBUSTION AND FLAME, 163 . pp. 220-240.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2015.09.0...

Abstract

Interactions of turbulence, molecular transport, and energy transport, coupled with chemistry play a crucial role in the evolution of flame surface geometry, propagation, annihilation, and local extinction/re-ignition characteristics of intensely turbulent premixed flames. This study seeks to understand how these interactions affect flame surface annihilation of lean hydrogen-air premixed turbulent flames. Direct numerical simulations (DNSs) are conducted at different parametric conditions with a detailed reaction mechanism and transport properties for hydrogen-air flames. Flame particle tracking (FPT) technique is used to follow specific flame surface segments. An analytical expression for the local displacement flame speed (S-d) of a temperature isosurface is considered, and the contributions of transport, chemistry, and kinematics on the displacement flame speed at different turbulence-flame interaction conditions are identified. In general, the displacement flame speed for the flame particles is found to increase with time for all conditions considered. This is because, eventually all flame surfaces and their resident flame particles approach annihilation by reactant island formation at the end of stretching and folding processes induced by turbulence. Statistics of principal curvature evolving in time, obtained using FPT, suggest that these islands are ellipsoidal on average enclosing fresh reactants. Further examinations show that the increase in S-d is caused by the increased negative curvature of the flame surface and eventual homogenization of temperature gradients as these reactant islands shrink due to flame propagation and turbulent mixing. Finally, the evolution of the normalized, averaged, displacement flame speed vs. stretch Karlovitz number are found to collapse on a narrow band, suggesting that a unified description of flame speed dependence on stretch rate may be possible in the Lagrangian description. (C) 2015 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 360 PARK AVE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA
Keywords: Direct numerical simulation; Turbulent premixed flames; Displacement flame speed; Flame particle tracking
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Others
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 06:03
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 06:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/53170

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