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Physiological role of FolD (methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase), FchA (methenyltetrahydrofolate cyclohydrolase) and Fhs (formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase) from Clostridium perfringens in a heterologous model of Escherichia coli

Aluri, Srinivas and Sah, Shivjee and Miryala, Sandeep and Varshney, Umesh (2016) Physiological role of FolD (methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase), FchA (methenyltetrahydrofolate cyclohydrolase) and Fhs (formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase) from Clostridium perfringens in a heterologous model of Escherichia coli. In: MICROBIOLOGY-SGM, 162 (1). pp. 145-155. (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.000209

Abstract

Most organisms possess bifunctional FolD 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (5,10-CH2-THF) dehydrogenase-cyclohydrolase] to generate NADPH and 10-formyltetrandrofolate (10-CHO-THF) required in various metabolic steps. In addition, some organisms including Clostridium perfringens possess another protein, Fhs (formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase), to synthesize 10-CHO-THF. Here, we show that unlike the bifunctional FolD of Escherichia coli (Eco FolD), and contrary to its annotated bifunctional nature, C. perfringens FolD (Cpe FoID) is a monofunctional 5,10-CH2-THF dehydrogenase. The dehydrogenase activity of Cpe FoID is about five times more efficient than that of Eco FolD. The 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate (5,10-CH+-THF) cyclohydrolase activity in C. perfringens is provided by another protein, FchA (5,10-CH+-THF cyclohydrolase), whose cyclohydrolase activity is similar to 10 times more efficient than that of Eco FolD. Kinetic parameters for Cpe Fhs were also determined for utilization of all of its substrates. Both Cpe FoID and Cpe FchA are required to substitute for the single bifunctional FolD in E. coli. The simultaneous presence of Cpe FoID and Cpe FchA is also necessary to rescue an E coli folD deletion strain (harbouring Cpe Fhs support) for its formate and glycine auxotrophies, and to alleviate its susceptibility to trimethoprim (an antifolate drug) or UV light. The presence of the three clostridial proteins (FolD, FchA and Fhs) is required to maintain folate homeostasis in the cell.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SOC GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY, MARLBOROUGH HOUSE, BASINGSTOKE RD, SPENCERS WOODS, READING RG7 1AG, BERKS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2016 10:41
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2016 10:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/53499

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