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Numerical study of influence of oblique plate length and cooling rate on solidification and macrosegregation of A356 aluminum alloy melt with experimental comparison

Kund, NK and Dutta, P (2016) Numerical study of influence of oblique plate length and cooling rate on solidification and macrosegregation of A356 aluminum alloy melt with experimental comparison. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 678 . pp. 343-354.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.02.152

Abstract

The present study describes about the preparation of semisolid metal (SSM) slurry by using an oblique plate. In this process, A356 aluminum alloy melt partially solidifies while flowing over a bottom cooled oblique plate. Melt flow inertia shears columnar dendrites formed on plate wall into equiaxed/fragmented grains by resulting semisolid slurry at plate exit. Effects of plate length providing required shear and cooling rate enabling necessary solidification are investigated. A 3-phase numerical model vis-a a-vis transport of mass, momentum, energy and species is developed for prediction of velocity, temperature, macrosegregation and solid fraction. Model uses volume of fluid (VOF) for tracking-metal-air-interface and finite volume method (FVM) with enthalpy based phase change algorithm for tracking-solid-liquid-interface within the metal. Darcy model is used for porous mushy zone. Slurry variable viscosity is represented by Oldenburg model. Stokes model incorporates solid phase movement and gravity effect along the flow. Dendrite fragmentation is considered for generation of moving solid phase. Solid movement is handled by coherency point and characteristic diameter of moving grains. Model neglects nucleation and growth kinetics, solidification shrinkage/expansion and thermo-solutal buoyancy. Slurry solid fractions at plate exit are 16%, 22%, and 27% for plate lengths of 200 mm, 250 mm, and 300 mm, respectively. And, are 5%, 22%, and 27% for heat transfer coefficients of 1000 W/m(2)-K, 2000 W/m(2)-K and 2500 W/m(2)-K, respectively. Numerical predictions agree well with experimental results. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, THREE PARK AVENUE, NEW YORK, NY 10016-5990 USA
Keywords: A356 aluminum alloy; Oblique plate; Semisolid slurry; Numerical simulation; Plate length; Plate cooling rate
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2016 04:48
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2016 04:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/54031

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