Sridharan, Sriraghav and Rao, Jayghosh S and Omkar, SN (2015) Finite Element Analysis of cricket ball impact on Polycarbonate-EVA Sandwich. In: The Impact of Technology on Sport VI' 7th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology, APCST, SEP 23-25, 2015, Barcelona, SPAIN, pp. 28-33.
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In cricket, balls are delivered at speeds ranging from 25 to 45 m/s. The force generated upon impact at such high speeds can be detrimental to batsmen's safety. There are several existing equipment that protect batsmen from injury and it is vital to evaluate their effectiveness for use in this sport. Finite Element Methods have come to be an exceptionally reliable tool in the design process of such protective gear as they provide deep insight into the impact phenomenon. With rigorous experimental testing, mathematical models for both the impacting projectile and the protective equipment can be developed and used to simulate the impact scenario under varied circumstances. This paper investigates the strength of a Polycarbonate-foam sandwich against impact by a cricket ball using Finite Element Analysis. The foam sandwiched is Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate, which possesses good impact absorbing characteristics and generally finds application in mouth-guards for sports and recreational activities. The Polycarbonate plate provides tear resistance. The cricket ball was modelled as a viscoelastic material, validated with experimental data available in literature. Additionally, the skin, connective adipose tissue and muscle layers of the human body are also modelled. Simulations with multiple velocities of impact, multiple angles of impact and multiple layer thicknesses of protective system were carried out. Impact force transmitted to the skin and the specific energy absorption of the foam sandwich was determined. The consecutive layers of the protective equipment and the human tissues were modelled together as square plates. The best combination of material thicknesses of the protective material was determined based on the least contact force transmitted to the human skin upon impact. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
|Item Type:||Conference Proceedings|
|Additional Information:||Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, SARA BURGERHARTSTRAAT 25, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)|
|Date Deposited:||25 Aug 2016 10:03|
|Last Modified:||25 Aug 2016 10:03|
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