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Phylogeny of the Insect Homeobox Gene (Hox) Cluster

Dhawan, Sangeeta and Gopinathan, KP (2005) Phylogeny of the Insect Homeobox Gene (Hox) Cluster. In: Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics, 3 (1). pp. 42-46.

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Abstract

The homeobox (Hox) genes form an evolutionarily conserved family encoding transcription factors that play major roles in segmental identity and organ specification across species. The canonical grouping of Hox genes present in the HOM-C cluster of Drosophila or related clusters in other organisms includes eight "typical" genes, which are localized in the order labial (lab), proboscipedia (pb), Deformed (Dfd), Sex combs reduced (Scr), Antennapedia (Antp), Ultrabithorax (Ubx), abdominalA (abdA), and AbdominalB (AbdB). The members of Hox cluster are expressed in a distinct anterior to posterior order in the embryo. Analysis of the relatedness of different members of the Hox gene cluster to each other in four evolutionarily diverse insect taxa revealed that the loci pb/Dfd and AbdB, which are farthest apart in linkage, had a high degree of evolutionary relatedness, indicating that pb/Dfd type anterior genes and AbdB are closest to the ancestral anterior and posterior Hox genes, respectively. The greater relatedness of other posterior genes Ubx and abdA to the more anterior genes such as Antp and Scr suggested that they arose by gene duplications in the more anterior members rather than the posterior AbdB.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), Science Press, Beijing, China.
Keywords: Evolution;Homeodomain;Hox genes;Insects;Phylogeny
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/5470

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