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Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx)-like Antioxidant Activity of the Organoselenium Drug Ebselen: Unexpected Complications with Thiol Exchange Reactions

Sarma, Bani Kanta and Mugesh, G (2005) Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx)-like Antioxidant Activity of the Organoselenium Drug Ebselen: Unexpected Complications with Thiol Exchange Reactions. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127 (32). pp. 11477-11485.

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Abstract

The factors that are responsible for the relatively low glutathione peroxidase (GPx)-like antioxidant activity of organoselenium compounds such as ebselen (1, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one) in the reduction of hydroperoxides with aromatic thiols such as benzenethiol and 4-methylbenzenethiol as cosubstrates are described. Experimental and theoretical investigations reveal that the relatively poor GPx-like catalytic activity of organoselenium compounds is due to the undesired thiol exchange reactions that take place at the selenium center in the selenenyl sulfide intermediate. This study suggests that any substituent that is capable of enhancing the nucleophilic attack of thiol at sulfur in the selenenyl sulfide state would enhance the antioxidant potency of organoselenium compounds such as ebselen. It is proved that the use of thiol having an intramolecularly coordinating group would enhance the biological activity of ebselen and other organoselenium compounds. The presence of strong S···N or S···O interactions in the selenenyl sulfide state can modulate the attack of an incoming nucleophile (thiol) at the sulfur atom of the -Se-S- bridge and enhance the GPx activity by reducing the barrier for the formation of the active species selenol.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/5493

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