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Joint Sparse Channel Estimation and Data Detection for Underwater Acoustic Channels Using Partial Interval Demodulation

Arunkumar, KP and Murthy, Chandra R and Elango, Venkatesh (2016) Joint Sparse Channel Estimation and Data Detection for Underwater Acoustic Channels Using Partial Interval Demodulation. In: 17th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), JUL 03-06, 2016, Edinburgh, ENGLAND.

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Abstract

We present a scheme for joint sparse-channel recovery and data detection in cyclic-prefix orthogonal frequency division multiplex (CP-OFDM) communication over doubly-spread underwater acoustic channels. Inter-carrier interference (ICI), caused by path-dependent Doppler, results in a non-diagonal channel mixing matrix that makes recovery difficult. To combat the effect of ICI, we consider the sequence of observations from partial interval demodulators, and using a path-based channel model, cast them into a data model amenable for sparse channel recovery. We then propose a two-stage algorithm for joint channel estimation and data detection. In the first stage, we recover the channel from pilot only observations and estimate the unknown data symbols from post-combined partial interval demodulator outputs. In the second stage, we use the data symbols estimated in the first stage to reconstruct the dictionary matrix corresponding to a full interval demodulator, re-estimate the channel using the entire observations including data subcarriers, and use it to detect the unknown data symbols. We also iterate between channel estimation and data detection in each stage, refining the dictionary in every iteration, to further reduce the detection error. Our simulation studies show that initial sparse channel recovery from the outputs of partial-interval demodulators considerably improves data detection performance, in terms of bit error rate, over that from a traditional full length demodulator output, in highly Doppler distorted scenarios.

Item Type: Conference Paper
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs o the IEEE, 345 E 47TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10017 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 10:18
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 10:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/55428

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