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Unusual micellar properties of multiheaded cationic surfactants in the presence of strong charge neutralizing salts

Haldar, Jayanta and Aswal, Vinod K and Goyal, Prem S and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2005) Unusual micellar properties of multiheaded cationic surfactants in the presence of strong charge neutralizing salts. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 282 (1). pp. 156-161.

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Abstract

The aggregation properties of single-chain surfactants bearing one (H1), two (H2), and three (H3) trimethylammonium head groups have been studied by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Growth of aggregates was observed to decrease dramatically with an increase in the number of head groups in the surfactants. The micelles grow progressively smaller with every increase in the number of head groups of the surfactants. Aggregation number (N) continuously decreases and the fractional charge $(\alpha)$ gradually increases with the increase in the number of head groups. The semiminor axis (a) and semimajor axis (b=c) of the micelle decrease strongly with the increase in the number of head groups. In the case of H1, dramatic micellar growth is observed on addition of salts such as KBr and sodium salicylate, but this type of micellar growth is not observed in the cases of H2 and H3 when the above salts are added to their micellar solutions. Aggregation number and size of the micelles remain almost the same, even after addition of KBr at a concentration as high as 100 mM. This observation with multiheaded cationic surfactants is unusual. Clearly, the charge density at the head group level of surfactants markedly influences their micellar aggregation properties.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Multiheaded surfactants;Micelles;Small-angle neutron scattering;Viscoelasticity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/5694

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