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Anomaly detection via short local trajectories

Biswas, Sovan and Babu, R Venkatesh (2017) Anomaly detection via short local trajectories. In: NEUROCOMPUTING, 242 . pp. 63-72.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2017.02.058

Abstract

Trajectory provides an important motion cue in describing the behavior of the moving object and can be used effectively for anomaly detection. But traditional trajectories or tracklets used for analysis have limitations due to various tracking irregularities. In this paper, we propose a novel idea of detecting anomalies in a video, based on short history of a region in motion. These histories are defined as short local trajectories (SLT). In contrast to traditional tracklets, these SLTs are extracted for super-pixels belonging to foreground objects. This captures both spatial and temporal information of a candidate moving object. Furthermore, the proposed trajectory extraction is suitable across videos having different crowd density, occlusions, etc. The trajectories of persons/objects at a particular location under usual condition have certain attributes. Thus, we have used Hidden Markov Model (HMM) for characterizing the usual trajectory patterns for each defined region. The proposed algorithm takes SLTs as observations and measures the likelihood for each super-pixel of being anomaly based on learned HMMs. In order to avoid the influence of noisy trajectories, we have computed spatial consistency measure for each SLT based on the neighboring trajectories. Thus, anomalies detected by the proposed approach are highly localized as demonstrated from the experiments conducted on three anomaly datasets, namely UCSD Pedl, Ped2 and a newly proposed CHUK-Crowd Anomaly Dataset. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 25 May 2017 08:54
Last Modified: 25 May 2017 08:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/57035

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