# Embrittlement of a bulk metallic glass due to $sub- T_g$ annealing.

Murali, P and Ramamurty, U (2005) Embrittlement of a bulk metallic glass due to $sub- T_g$ annealing. In: Acta Materialia, 53 (5). pp. 1467-1478.

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## Abstract

The susceptibility of $Zr_{41.2}Ti_{13.75}Cu_{12.5}Ni_{10}Be_{22.5}$ (Vitreloy-1) bulk metallic glass (BMG) to embrittlement upon annealing at temperatures below its glass transition temperature, $T_g$, was investigated. Both isothermal annealing at 500 K $(0.8 T_g)$ for up to 24 h and isochronal annealing for 24 h in the temperature range of 400 K $(0.65 T_g)$ to 530 K $(0.85 T_g)$ were conducted and the impact toughness, $\Gamma$, values were measured. Results show severe embrittlement, with losses of up to 90% in $\Gamma$, with annealing. A one-to-one correspondence between $\Gamma$ and the enthalpy change at the glass transition, $\Delta H$, with annealing time, $t_a$, and temperature, $T_a$, was found, indicating that the reduction of free volume, $v_f$, due to annealing is the primary mechanism responsible for the loss in $\Gamma$. Since $v_f$ also affects the viscoelastic response of the material, a dynamic mechanical analyzer has been used to study the changes in the internal friction, $tan \hspace {3mm} \delta$, and viscosity, $\eta$, due to annealing. The results show an increase of 30% in the $\eta$ due to $sub- T_g$ annealing. An instrumented indentation technique was utilized to examine the micromechanical reasons for the embrittlement. While the Vickers indentation response of the as-cast and annealed glasses do not show any significant difference, spherical indentation studies show a reduced shear band activity in the annealed BMG. Further, relatively high indentation strain was observed to be necessary for shear band initiation in the annealed glass, implying increased resistance for the nucleation of shear bands when the BMG is annealed.

Item Type: Journal Article The Copyright belongs to Acta Materialia. Bulk amorphous materials;Annealing;Differential scanning calorimetry;Embrittlement;Shear bands;Indentation Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy) 17 Mar 2006 19 Sep 2010 04:24 http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/5817